What is Non Woven Fabric Examples And It Types

Non woven fabrics are manufactured quickly and inexpensively, it is a truth. It is reasonably priced. The non-woven materials also have the added benefit of being recyclable, which adds to their appeal.

Non-woven fabrics are flat, porous sheets or web-structured materials produced through the chemical, mechanical, or thermal joining of fibers or perforation of films. Non-woven fabrics do not require weaving or knitting, therefore the component fibers do not need to be transformed into yarn first, unlike woven materials.

We will go into detail about a few different types of nonwoven materials in this post.

What is Non Woven Fabric?

Nonwoven fabrics are flat textiles created from long and short filament strands that have been felted or chemically, thermally, or mechanically glued together. The fibers can be arranged into webs, mats, or sheets either in a certain direction or at random. One layer or several layers could be present.

Where Non-Woven Fabrics Are Used:

Numerous sectors use non-woven materials extensively. Non-woven fabrics are used in the medical industry to make isolation gowns, surgical scrubs, and medical packaging. They are used as carpet backing in the carpeting business. Their qualities have also been extensively applied in the agriculture, building, and automobile industries.

Non-woven fabrics are mostly used in the fashion industry to make interlinings, protective apparel, industrial workwear, chemical absorption suits, shoe parts, etc.

How is a Non Woven Fabric Used?

Beyond straightforward definitions, these engineered fabrics provide a wide range of cutting-edge opportunities for several industries.

Nonwovens might last a very long time or just be useful in a single application. Sterility, bacterial barriers, resiliency, stretch, softness, strength, flame retardancy, washability, cushioning, and liquid repellency are just a few of the functions that nonwoven materials can perform.

These characteristics are frequently combined to produce fabrics that are appropriate for particular purposes while striking a suitable balance between product cost and useful life. They can mimic the look, feel, and strength of woven cloth and can be as thick as the thickest paddings.

Nonwoven fabrics can be used to achieve the following qualities that are:

  • Absorbency
  • Bacterial barrier
  • Cushioning
  • Filtering
  • Flame retardancy
  • Liquid repellency
  • Resilience
  • Softness
  • Sterility
  • Strength
  • Stretch
  • Washability

Non woven fabric developments are currently expanding as quickly as the need for them, offering virtually endless possibilities for a number of industries, such as:

  • Agricultural coverings
  • Agricultural seed strips
  • Apparel linings
  • Automotive headliners
  • Automotive upholstery
  • Carpeting
  • Civil engineering fabrics
  • Civil engineering geotextiles
  • Disposable diapers

Types of Non Woven Fabric:

 non woven fabric


Now let’s look at the many categories of non-woven cloth. Therefore, there are fundamentally four different forms of non-woven fabric material:

Classification of Non Woven Fabric:

  1. Wet-laid nonwovens
  2. Spun laid nonwovens
  3. Stitch bond nonwovens
  4. Solvent bond nonwovens
  5. Thermal bond nonwovens
  6. Chemical bond nonwovens
  7. Hydro entangled nonwovens
  8. Carded nonwovens
  9. Nonwoven composite fabrics

We mostly employ interfacing, fusible web, felt, faux leather, fleece, and batting as nonwoven fabrics. Wet wipes and dryer sheets are both constructed of nonwoven material. It is non-woven to use suede and synthetic suede. Other non-woven fabrics include vinyl, vinyl and resin-coated fabrics, rubberized fabrics, and plastic laminates. Non-woven fabric is produced using boiled wool.

Polypropylene material: (polypropylene non woven fabric) In addition to being used to manufacture bag lining, shopping bags, shoe bags, and disposable diaper covers, polypropylene is another non-woven fabric that is used to make disposable hospital gowns, bed covers, etc.

Wool nonwovens: Nonwovens made of wool are used as filters. Thermal blankets can also be made with them. Bathroom mats are another item made with them.

What non woven fabrics are like:

  • Nonwovens are often flexible and flat.
  • Any thickness is possible for them.
  • Avoid fraying or raveling at the cut edges.
  • The majority of non-wovens are simple to maintain and occasionally either machine washable or dry cleanable.
  • Depending on the material, can shrink in the wash
  • Most non-woven fabrics have pores.
  • Natural fibers are used to create web-like nonwovens that are biodegradable, stretchy, and absorbent.
  • The drape of woven and knit fabrics might not be present.

Summarizing the Characteristics of non woven fabric:

Nonwovens might last a very long time or just be useful in a single application. Sterility, bacterial barriers, resiliency, stretch, softness, strength, flame retardancy, washability, cushioning, and liquid repellency are just a few of the functions that nonwoven materials can perform.

How are they made?

The non woven fabric is made by a number of techniques that link the fibers together.

The fibers are joined together by an adhesive during the chemical process. Bonding or interlocking is accomplished mechanically through needling, fluid jet entanglement, or sewing. In the thermal process, a binder—which may be a powder, paste, or polymer melt—is applied, and by raising the temperature, the binder is melted onto the web.

Nonwoven materials like leather and vinyl are created by molding fluid fiber solutions consisting of chemical polymers into flat sheets or films.

Visit if you’re interested in learning more about non-woven fabrics and the industry.

Non-wovens are readily available in a variety of components and patterns and can be improved to provide a number of benefits over woven fabrics, such as:

  • Increased Absorbency
  • Improved Filtering
  • Flame Retardancy
  • Liquid Repellency
  • Sterility and Bacterial Barrier
  • Strength and Resilience
  • Softness and Flexibility
  • Improved Washability

Materials Used in Non-Woven Fabrics:

polypropylene non woven fabric

There a variety of Non-woven fabrics materials can be created including:

Meta-Aramids: Wet spinning produces semicrystalline meta-aramid fibers like Nomex and Conex. They are prized for their resistance to abrasion, chemicals, and high temperatures. Meta-Aramids are particularly helpful for filtration, industrial, and aerospace applications since they can operate at temperatures up to 400°F.

Para-Aramids: The more rigid crystalline fibers known as para-aramids, which include Kevlar and Twaron, have fixed, longitudinally oriented polymer chains. Para-aramids, which can function at temperatures of up to 446 °F and are renowned for their extraordinary strength and durability, are frequently employed in ballistics, industrial equipment, and personal protective equipment (PPE).

Polyphenylene Sulfides (PPS): Thermoplastics of great technical performance such as Torcon and Procon are polyphenylene sulfides (PPS). They have great dimensional stability, chemical resistance, and temperature resistance with a maximum operating temperature of 375 °F. They are incredibly robust and long-lasting. PPS materials are suited for aerospace, engineering, and industrial filtering applications due to their exceptional strength and stability.

The following additional materials are frequently used in the production of non woven fabrics:

  • Acrylic (PyroTex)
  • P84
  • Innegra
  • Teflon (PTFE)
  • Polypropylene
  • Nylon
  • Wool
  • Belcotex
  • Kermel

Best Non Woven Fabric Manufacturers:

Based on expected yearly sales, the top 10 non-woven fabric manufacturers worldwide and in the United States are included in Nonwovens Industry Magazine. The location of the business and its annual revenue figures are displayed in the table. A list of company summaries is below.

Berry Global

Evansville, IL

$2.7 billion


Weinheim, Germany

$2.1 billion


Helsinki, Finland

$1.5 billion


Roswell, GA

$1.3 billion


Wilmington, DE

$1 billion


Gravatai, Brazil

$988 million


Znojmo, Czech Republic

$765 million

Johns Manville

Denver, CO

$725 million


York, PA

$725 million


Manchester, CT

$654 million


Different Types of Non Woven Fabrics – Overview:

non woven fabric bag

According to various manufacturing procedures, there are eight main types of non-woven fabrics:

Spunlace nonwovens:

It is well known for its numerous applications in non-woven fabrics for facial masks, medical devices, wet wipes, filters, and other items.

Heat-bonded non woven fabrics:

The basic steps in producing this kind of non-woven fabric are to incorporate fibrous or sticky reinforcement material into the fiber network and then strengthen the network into cloth using heat and cold.

Pulp air-laid nonwovens:

It opens the wood pulp fiberboard into a single fiber state using air-laid technology, causes the fiber to clump together on the net curtain using the airflow method, and finally consolidates the fiber web into the fabric.

Wet-laid non-woven:

Creating constructions with material texture properties, fundamental flexibility, and strength, at speeds approaching those paired with papermaking, is a primary goal of wet lay nonwoven fabrication.

Spunbond nonwovens:

Spunbound, also known as spunlace, is used in materials such as carpet backing, geotextiles, and other packaging goods. They are thermo-reinforced and do not contain any synthetic materials. Spun Bonds are extremely lightweight, strong, highly air permeable, hydrophilic, and have incredible mileage characteristics.

Meltblown nonwovens:

Extruding melted polymer fiber through a linear die with hundreds of tiny holes creates long, thin fibers that are stretched and cooled by hot air as they exit the linear die. The resulting web is then blasted over a collector screen to create finely filtered, self-bond nonwovens.

Acupuncture nonwovens:

Non-woven acupuncture needles are used to puncture non-woven materials to reinforce fluffy webs in fabric. They are a type of dry non-woven. After receiving a number of acupuncture treatments, polypropylene and polyester raw materials are processed to create acupuncture non-woven fabrics.

Stitch nonwovens:

A weaving machine is used to create stitch-bond non woven fabrics. The web is joined with chain-stitch seams and kept in place on a weaving machine. On one side or both sides of the fabric, distinct stitching patterns will be seen. The web has a flatter and softer feel as a result of the stitch bonding procedure. The batting’s scrim is thread bonded.


polypropylene non woven fabric

About Needle Punched Non Woven Geotextile:

The needle-punched nonwoven geotextiles are bulky, have a wide range of pore diameters, and have good drainage because random fibers are entangled to produce a complicated three-dimensional structure. Periodic zones form in the structure of needle-punched nonwovens as a result of the interaction of fibers with needle barbs.

About Airlaid Nonwovens:

Airlaid non woven fabric technology was initially developed to create paper without the need for water.

The process of air laying involves scattering non-woven webs into a swift stream and condensing them onto a moving screen using pressure or a vacuum.

A wide range of industries uses Airlaid non-woven products in a variety of applications, including weaving material, channel material, clinical and hygiene products, and interlining for clothing.

About Meltblown Fabric:

Meltblown non woven fabric are made by extruding melted polymer fibers through a spin net or die with up to 40 holes per inch to create long, thin threads.

As the fibers drop from the die, hot air is blown over them to stretch and cool them. The resulting web is gathered into rolls and then transformed into final goods.

The very fine fibers (usually made of polypropylene) differ from other extrusions, especially Spunbond, in that they have lower inherent strength but have more important qualities due to their smaller size.

Extremely tiny fibers can be advantageous for Meltblown nonwovens, which are frequently used in filtering media, face masks, and respirators. Spun bond is frequently combined with Meltblown to create SM or SMS webs, which are used in the disposable diaper industry.

About Polyester Non Woven Fabric:

Polyester blends or 100% polyester filaments can be used to make nonwoven polyester fabric. Nonwoven polyester is a great option for a variety of application applications, such as industrial filter materials, healthcare and hygiene products, building materials, telecom products, agricultural fabric, etc.

About Melt Blown Non Woven Fabric:

A continuous polymer is directly converted into continuous filaments as part of the melt-blown process, which also involves turning the filaments into a randomly arranged nonwoven fabric. Around 1945, this technology’s first advancements in the industrial sector began.

What is non woven geotextile fabric?

Thermally bonding polypropylene or a blend of polypropylene and polyester fibers produces non-woven geotextile, a felt-like fabric that is finished using various techniques such as needle punching and calendaring.

What is non woven polypropylene fabric uses?

The thermoplastic polymer PP, which is used frequently in food packaging, plastic furniture, films, automobile parts, and medical devices, is used to make polypropylene, a textile. This plastic, a linear hydrocarbon polymer, is one of the most widely used because of how inexpensive and simple it is to manufacture.

Also, its primary uses are in non-woven bags, interlining, coveralls for the medical industry, masks, filters, etc. In the healthcare and fashion industries, it is becoming more and more popular.

Is non woven fabric biodegradable?

Non-woven bags are not biodegradable because they are frequently made of polypropylene or polyester. Numerous plastics can take a very long time to disintegrate or do not decompose at all.

What is the non woven cloth best Example?

Non-wovens are engineered textiles created from cutting-edge, high-tech fibers. They may be used alone or in conjunction with other materials in a variety of consumer and industrial products. There are many types of non-woven fabric cloth examples available, including materials that are hydrophobic, hydrophilic, UV resistant, and flame retardant.

Is non woven fabric bags Worth it?

Non-woven bags are constructed of plastic that cannot biodegrade. On a machine, rolls of plastic are spread out to prepare them. Manufacturers produced thousands of non-woven bags after the government declared a ban on single-use plastic beginning in January, and these bags quickly gained popularity.

Non-woven shopping bags are very reasonably priced, provide excellent value, take up very little room, and are also quite portable. Reusable non-woven bags can’t be cleaned in a washing machine. These must be hand-washed with a light detergent.

What is PP Non Woven Fabric?

In order to create non-woven PP, polypropylene polymers are spun into long, fluffy threads that resemble cotton candy using heat and air. The threads are then pressed together between hot rollers to create a flexible but sturdy fabric with a weave structure close to the canvas.

See Also:

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